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Nationalism

Updated: Mar 26, 2019

Author: Yingying Zhao, et al.


Nationalism

What contributed to nationalism in the US?????

  • “Era of Good Feelings” 1816-1824

  • James Monroe (1816-1824) is the Prez

  • War of 1812 (a.k.a 2nd War of Independence)

  • creates a sense of unity after winning the war

  • US seems like a stronger nation after defeating Britain (“psychological win”)

  • US ends trade with Britain, ties in with industrialization

  • US wants to be special and independent

  • The American System - proposed by Henry Clay (representative of Kentucky, Speaker of the House)

  • Second National Bank 1816

  • authorized in Congress in 1816, charter for the First National Bank had expired in 1811 because of the Sunset Clause

  • after the expiration of the First National Bank, many states developed their own currency

  • national bank would provide federal control over money/regulate currency

  • bank could give loans to people hoping to start small business/factories

  • by creating this central bank, it would make sure that everyone (meaning state) was using the SAME currency so there wouldn't be confusion

  • Tariff of 1816

  • protective tariff

  • PROTECT AGAINST FOREIGN COMPANIES SELLING THEIR GOODS IN MURRICA

  • Made sure that american consumers bought U.S goods only → sense of unity

  • Internal Improvements

  • transportation - roads, canals, bridges, railroads, turnpikes

  • interchangeable parts - included the parts of guns and other stuff first

  • Made manufacturing easier to make/replace items if they were broken

  • James Madison (1808-1816) on the subject of internal improvements

  • Madison is very much in favor of internal improvements, mentions in a speech (his inaugural address or some shit like that)

  • Madison is a flip floppin guy, when legislation proposes funding internal improvements, his Democratic Republican side takes over and he vetoes the bill (A LARGER FEDErAL GOVERNMENT NO WAY)

  • Monroe Doctrine 1823

  • drafted by John Quincy Adams and James Monroe

  • colonies in Latin America with mother countries in Europe wanted independence so they started to rebel, mother countries were shooketh

  • Monroe wanted European countries to STAY OUT OKAY???

  • doctrine declared that European countries had no business meddling with American republics and if European countries complied, Monroe agreed to stay out of European affairs, establishes a quid pro quo

Sectionalism

What contributed to sectionalism in the US?????

  • Hartford Convention

  • South v. New England

  • Slavery

Supreme Court Cases

  • Marbury v. Madison

  • Fletcher v. Peck 1810

  • Georgia state legislature sells land to four investors at 1.5 cents per acre because they were bribed lololol, sign a contract

  • public finds out about the bribery and they get angry, vote and replace legislation with new people

  • new state legislature wishes to repeal the contract and most land is held by second/third/fourth owners

  • John Marshall believes that if legislature can undo a contract, no one can be certain of contracts and commerce will be hurt

  • he does not recuse - when a judge decides to step aside because they cannot be objective

  • McCulloch v. Maryland 1819

  • US economy falls into depression

  • Maryland passes a bill that taxes the national bank headquarters in Baltimore in order to push it out, want people to use state and local banks instead

  • James McCulloch, treasurer at the national bank, refuses to pay the tax and case is eventually brought to the Supreme Court

  • John Marshall decides that state legislatures cannot tax government entities, uses Elastic Clause/implied powers

  • “The power to tax is the power to destroy” aka “Making people pay moolah is baaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaad”

#USHistory1 #Groome